This news piece from Revolution News! reports on the tensions rising in the village of Karawang in Indonesia, where 1,200 peasants have been evicted from the land they have lived on for generations – to make way for the factory expansion of Agung Pomodoro. Last 24 June 2014, farmers protested in defense of their land from corporate interests – coming face-to-face with 7,000 fully equipped riot police forces. Our Jakarta-based Land Watch partner, the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) reports on the violence that erupted: 10 workers assaulted and one farmer shot by riot police; 13 people were arrested.
We are sharing press releases posted by the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) 18 May.
The South East Sulawesi Mobile Brigade and Kendari Police Forces attacked villagers along the Wawonii Island shore in South East Sulawesi on 3 May, leaving atleast 14 victims shot, tortured, and sexually abused.
These villagers have long been involved in a conflict with the mining company, PT Derawan Berjaya Mining (DBM), since 2008 without any resolutions made.
Such violence failed the hopes of Wawonii people on the New Government’s concern in resolving agrarian conflicts.
Following the incident, the National Coalition for Wawonii Residents, together with several CSOs, conducted a press conference on 10 May at Kontras Office to discuss their demands addressing the issues. Their demands were the following:
- for the Head of Indonesian Police Force to investigate the incident, and to subject the shooters for trial;
- immediate establishment of a special institution that will address agrarian conflicts and implement agrarian reform;
- revocation of the Regent Decree Nomor 63/2007 permitting the operation of the mining company; and
- termination of any kind of mineral and coal mining in small islands and residents’ cultivated land/housing.
Read more using these links:
From KPA’s research on Masterplan for Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development (MP3EI) in 2014, Iwan Nurdin, General Secretary of KPA revealed that the highest number of agrarian conflicts has occurred in 2014. KPA has recorded 215 agrarian conflicts in 2014, a more than a hundred percent increase from the previous year (105 conflicts).
He also added that this is attributed to infrastructural projects of the masterplan and the implementation of Law No. 2/2012 on land acquisition for development for public interest and its derivative regulations.
In the last three years, KPA has worked intensively on the issue of forest tenure with national CSO networks, including the formulation of the tenure reform roadmap of CSOs to be proposed to the Ministry of Forestry. KPA has also been involved as a team member of the Tenure Reform Macro Plan under the Ministry of Forestry decree, including (under RRI support) proposed model villages located in forest areas by CSO team to be resolved through tenure reform.
Furthermore, KPA met with the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) on 12 April at the National Secretariat of KPA in Jakarta, to discuss the results of the MoU between KPK and 12 ministries and agencies (named NKB 12 K/L) as well as the opportunity of a joint plan in terms of popularization of NKB at the regional level. The commission expects broad civil society support, particularly through the mobilization of KPA of its members at the grassroots and partners at the regional level. KPA sees this as an opportunity to promote conflict resolution and expand communities’ territorial management. The follow-up plan of discussion is not yet implemented.
A related link can be viewed through the link below:
This is the second of three posts on the work that the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) is doing in Indonesia. KPA is active in its campaign on policy advocacy and land conflicts.
The number of agrarian conflicts in Indonesia has been steadily increasing over the years. Based on KPA’s Year-End Report, in 2012 there were 198 agrarian conflicts in the country. Conflict areas covered more than 963,411 hectares, involving 141, 915 families (households). Of these
Therefore, besides policy advocacy, KPA also campaigns against agrarian conflicts as experienced by peasants and indigenous peoples. In order to support and expand public
Some of the results of the public campaign on land conflict can be seen in the news links below:
KPA and other CSOs have also met with the National Police Department to discuss the police’s involvement in handling agrarian cases and to demand the cessation of criminalization against farmers: http://www.kpa.or.id/?p=1685
This is the first of three posts on the work that the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) is doing in Indonesia. KPA is active in its campaign on policy advocacy and land conflicts.
As discussions on the Land Bill, a national priority bill in Indonesia’s House of Representatives (DPR RI), are now underway in Commission II, KPA is campaigning to ensure CSOs’ perspectives, especially KPA’s critical view on the draft bill, are popularized. KPA’s three main agenda with the Land Bill are: 1) advocacy on the substance of the draft Land Bill through a public hearing with DPR RI and discussions with experts; 2) national consolidation through KARAM Tanah (Coalition of Anti-Land Grabbing) and regional consolidation through regional KPA and members, and 3) campaign to expand public support.
The Land Bill is targeted by the House of Representatives to complete its discussion process and approved no later than the end of 2013. In the process of public consultation in Parliament, KPA has been invited twice by the Working Committee of Land, Commission II of DPR RI in a public hearing and consultation to give its views and inputs on the draft. In the second public hearing, KPA provided a critical view, mainly on the several chapters contained in the draft bill, which includes five major issues: state ownership rights, land registration, land rights, agrarian reform, and land dispute resolution.
Although in the second hearing with KPA, the bill has included a Chapter of Agrarian Reform and Settlement Dispute. However, in KPA’s perspective, what it refers to as agrarian reform is not a genuine agrarian reform that is based on the Basic Agrarian Law (BAL) 1960 – rather, it is merely land management. If the Commission II does not intend to implement agrarian reform as it was mandated by BAL, then KPA asks it to rename the chapter title to “land management” instead. The main target beneficiaries of the agrarian reform should be the poor, especially landless peasants/tillers (including peasants, farm workers, indigenous peoples, women, and other vulnerable groups).
As the Chapter of Dispute Settlement only sees land disputes based on legal aspects, it cannot address the structural agrarian conflict that has had massive impact and involves many victims (community), Thus, this draft bill (as per June 2013) will not be able to resolve the roots of agrarian conflict in Indonesia, i.e., the inequality of the agrarian structure.
KPA has emphasized that the Land Bill should follow the spirit of BAL 1960 in order to stop “ego-sectoral inter-department of government” (Government departments or agencies act on their own authority, with their respective law and regulations, which contradict BAL. This has resulted in overlapping mandates and claims.) Therefore the Land Bill does not replace BAL – as driven by a group/peoples in Parliament and government – but it must be more focused on operational rules on some issues not clearly regulated in BAL. The bill should be part of the solution of exsisted agrarian problem, so it should be the center of sectoral regulation, where the overlap in between sectoral laws that related with land matters are required to re-arraged, coordinated, and applied in the substantial content of the bill.
Before the public hearings, KPA also conducted a series of discussions that aim to get the latest developments in Parliament in relation to the Land Bill. On 24 April, KPA held a public discussion on the draft bill with CSOs, inviting the vice-chairman of the Land Working Committee of DPR RI. The civil society movement has discussed various views in order to formulate joint advocacy and campaign. Further, on 12 June, KPA and HuMa held a discussion with experts to get a critical assessment of the Land Bill. The experts came from KPA’s Expert Council, and several other experts from the academe.
Some of the results of the public campaign by KPA related with Land Bill can be seen through the news links below with some photos:
Public hearing of KPA with Parliament in 2013:
Public hearing of KPA with Parliament in 2012:
Other policy issue: