Category Archives: land governance

Casiguran farmers, fisherfolks, and indigenous people’s plea: stop APECO

Ka Tony

Ka Tony Barbosa, a fisherfolk participant during the workshop on “Increase the use of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT) among CSOs and Grassroots Organizations in the Philippines,” was in tears as he shared how their livelihood will be lost upon construction of port along the foreshore of Casiguran, Aurora. Even now, they can no longer use the docks they used to anchor their boats for fishing. Industrial wastes would also pollute the waters sheltering the fishes they catch.

Farmers and indigenous peoples of the Casiguran are also in the same dismal situation as their lands will soon be converted to industrial parks, airport, hotels, ship anchorages, and recreational facilities through the implementation of the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone and Freeport Authority (APECO).

APECO is an abruptly approved Php 1-Billion project created by law allegedly lobbied secretly by the ruling political family in Aurora. It covers more than 13,000 hectares of rice lands, coconut plantations, forests, coastal areas, and human settlements in five barangays of Casiguran.

While APECO violates basic sectors rights to access to land, food, livelihood, and health, it is also in conflict with some provisions of the Constitution and policies governing indigenous people (according to a case study by Dave de Vera of PAFID).

These sectors call for the non-implementation of the APECO project. “We don’t want the jobs they offer. We need our lands and livelihoods secured.”

Related resource:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FInCVKC1_9A

Training of trainers on increasing the use of VGGT

On 11 May 2012, Philippines was one of the 98 countries in the Committee of World Food Security (CFS) who officially endorsed the Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) in Rome, Italy. VGGT is as a set of guidelines that can be used as a reference, given the different national contexts that need to be taken into account in defining the governance of land and natural resources.

ANGOC has been promoting the use of VGGT through implementing projects partnered with national and international organizations such as GIZ-Philippines, National Convergence Initiative for Sustainable Rural Development (NCI), and Philippine Development Forum – Working Group on Sustainable Rural Development (PDF-SRD).

On 11-14 July 2016, FAO and ANGOC conducted the training of trainers on “Increase the use of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT) among CSOs and Grassroots Organizations in the Philippines” in Tagaytay City.

Participants of the training of trainers on “Increase the use of the VGGT among CSOs and Grassroots Organizations in the Philippines.” Photo credits to CMN.

Participants of the training of trainers on “Increase the use of the VGGT among CSOs and Grassroots Organizations in the Philippines.” Photo credits to CMN.

Twenty two farmers, fisherfolks, indigenous peoples, and CSOs from different parts of the country participated in the workshop to increase their understanding and use of VGGT within the national context with the view of improving land governance in the country. The four-day course:  (i) fostered understanding on the background and process of the VGGT; (ii) explained the main topics covered by the VGGT; (iii) identified main actors and processes and their respective roles; and (iv) formulated an action plan to apply the VGGT in support of land rights work of the basic sectors.

From their own experiences on non-recognition of their rights, participants assessed the threats of their cases, the actors and their roles and influences.

Farmer sector group brainstorms on assessing the situation of their cases. Photo credits to CMN.

Farmer sector group brainstorms on assessing the situation of their cases. Photo credits to CMN.

With what they have learned from the lectures on the VGGT and its applications in the national and global level, participants were able to draw the VGGT principles in analyzing their own situations through a role playing activity. It demonstrated a particular case involving a policy implementing an investor-supported project while oppressing the rights of the basic sectors.

Participants during the role playing demonstrating VGGT's use in analyzing scenarios on resource governance. Photo credits to CMN.

Participants during the role playing demonstrating VGGT’s use in analyzing scenarios on resource governance. Photo credits to CMN.

Participants were able to reflect how their rights are threatened and how they can use VGGT in protecting and demanding for their rights.

Participants shared their learnings and reflections from the workshop.

Participants shared their learnings and reflections from the workshop.

The workshop concluded with an agreed intersectoral framework to better popularize the VGGT as an immediate action plan (see diagram below). Training design will be reviewed and appropriate training modules will be further developed for the use of basic sectors on the ground. Also, tools for assessment on governance of tenure will be developed to equip sectors in evidence-based advocacies. These will be initiated by a VGGT Reference Group composed of each basic sector’s representatives.

 

Intersectoral framework on  further popularizing the use of VGGT.

Intersectoral framework on further popularizing the use of VGGT.

Related resources:

VGGT-3-desk-studies-729x336

These VGGT desk studies were prepared to identify existing gaps in policies and programs on the governance of land and resource tenure in the Philippines, and to familiarize stakeholders on the VGGT. Download the publications here.

 

 

 

 

 

New publication on land administration – now online!

Land admin reportThe Summary Report: A Regional Forum on Land Administration and Management in Rural and Urban Areas is a proceedings of a land administration and management forum held on 18-19 October 2015 in Jakarta, organized by ANGOC in partnership with the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) together with Misereor, Land Watch Asia (LWA), International Land Coalition-Asia (ILC-Asia), and the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA).

It highlights the challenges and opportunities of policy and project implementation of land administration and management in Asia, with shared experiences from Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Philippines, in ensuring rural and urban poor’s tenure security. It also presents tools and approaches in enhancing land administration and management projects in the region.

Land governance advocates thrust towards a people-centered land governance in Asia

More than 80 representatives from 40 International Land Coalition (ILC) members and other land governance advocates gathered in the ILC Asia Regional Assembly and Knowledge Exchange in Chiang Mai, Thailand on 6-7 October 2015.

Recognizing the importance of securing lands in the face of economic growth, Asia

ILC Asia members and land governance advocates calling for Land Rights Now! Photo by ILC.

ILC Asia members and land governance advocates calling for Land Rights Now! Photo by ILC.

members developed their three-year workplans in implementing the ILC global strategy integrating the 10 commitments to people-centered land governance.

ILC Philippine members – Asian Farmers’ Association for Sustainable Rural Development (AFA), ANGOC, The People’s Campaign for Agrarian Reform Network (AR Now!), Center for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (CARRD), Philippine Association for Intercultural Development (PAFID), National Confederation of Small Farmers’ and Fishers’ Organizations (PAKISAMA), Task Force Mapalad (TFM), and Xavier Science Foundation, Inc. (XSF), have committed to the following points:

Further, this event brought solidarity among members to demand for ‘Land Rights Now!’ and be engaged in existing frameworks such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests (VGGT) and the newly adopted Global Development Agenda 20:30 on Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), and the monitoring of potential threats to the coalition’s mission such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the extractive industries.

This event was organized by ILC Asia and hosted by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP).

Read more.

Brainstorming of participants on the 10 commitments on people-centered land governance.

Brainstorming of participants on the 10 commitments on people-centered land governance.

Video documentary on land governance in Cambodia

STAR Kampuchea (SK) and Women’s Media Centre (WMC)  jointly produced a video documentary on land governance issues in Svay Rieng and Banteay Meanchey provinces, entitled, The Voices of Land Grabbing Victims. The 20-minute video features stories of land grabbing, inland issues, and successes on claiming land rights in the communities.

The video will be available on SK’s website soon.

Interview with a land victim in Chantrea District, Svay Rieng Province. Photo by STAR Kampuchea.

Interview with a land victim in Chantrea District, Svay Rieng Province. Photo by STAR Kampuchea.

2015 Global Land Forum

Last 12-16 May, ILC members and partners, together with grassroots organizations, activists, local and international NGOs, researchers, multilateral organisations and government agencies from around the world gathered in the 2015 Global Land Forum held in Dakar, Senegal, themed, “Land Governance for Inclusive Development, Justice and Sustainability: Time for Action.”

The event opened with a celebration of “Africa Day” where land issues in Africa were deliberated and articulated. It was also a celebration and showcase of responsible governance practices in the continent.

ILC Asia members actively participated in the breakout sessions on family farming, indigenous land rights, women’s inheritance rights, access to land, Land Matrix, community-based monitoring and information systems, and Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) implementation – where ANGOC presented its initiative in promoting the VGGT in the Philippines.

An awarding of best practices on land governance was also held, where the Philippines’ National Confederation of Small Farmers’ and Fishers’ Organization (PAKISAMA) was one of the nominees in Asia documenting the Twenty years of non-violent protest to benefit from the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. Uganda Land Alliance won the award with their story on Strong Communal Land Associations claim compensations for investments in their territories.

Finally, ILC Asia members chose Mr. Nathaniel Don Marquez of ANGOC and Mr. Jagat Basnet of Community Self-Reliance Centre (CSRC) as representatives of ILC Asia for the next two years. Joining ANGOC and CSRC to the Asia Steering Committee are Association for Land Reform and Development (ALRD), Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA), and Rural Development Fund (RDF).

The nominees of the ILC Award.  Photo by ILC. Retrieved from http://www.globallandforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/ash_pom-1-2539.jpg

The nominees of the ILC Award.
Photo by ILC. Retrieved from http://www.globallandforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/ash_pom-1-2539.jpg