Category Archives: Indonesia
With the Indonesia President Joko Widodo’s agenda on agrarian reform, 21 government and CSO Indonesian delegates (13 from Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning, and 8 from CSOs from KPA including a representative from Samdhana Institute) visited the Philippines on 9-15 February 2016 to learn the Philippines’ experiences in formulating and implementing its agrarian law and reform.
Hosted by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) and facilitated by the Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ANGOC), the learning visit started with delegates meeting with the DAR Team headed by Secretary Virgilio delos Reyes on the orientation of Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) and status of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). Meetings as well with the Land Registration Authority (LRA) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) were organized to discuss land administration concerns. The delegates had a meeting with the Congressional Committee Chairman on Agrarian Reform, Representative Teddy Baguilat, Jr. regarding the legislative processes and the overlapping tenurial arrangements between CARL and the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA).
On the other hand, Philippine CSOs including ANGOC, Philippine Association for Intercultural Development (PAFID), (National Confederation of Small Farmers’ and Fishers’ Organizations (PAKISAMA), Alyansa Tigil Mina (ATM) and Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center (LRC) shared their perspectives on the challenges and lessons learned in implementing asset reform programs in the country. On-site exposures were also conducted with DAR regional and provincial offices and farmer beneficiaries in Northern Mindanao.
Both countries agreed to continue this learning exchange process.
We are sharing this news posted by The Jakarta post on 6 January, 2016.
Iwan Nurdin of the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) revealed that 2015 marked the first time companies accounted for the largest number of cases of violence resulting from agrarian conflicts as shown in their year-end report. There were 35 cases attributed to the companies from the 252 recorded agrarian conflicts covering more than 400,000 hectares of land in 2015.
In the past years, Indonesian Military (TNI) and National Police were the main perpetrators of agrarian-related violence. The National Commission on Human Rights confirmed the trend. This was due to hiring of armed civilian groups, Pam Swakarsa (formed by TNI in 1998), by these private firms to suppress people’s demands and resistance.
Two days before the 17th Plenary Session in the House of Representatives of the Indonesian Government, indigenous peoples and advocates gathered in a mobilization led by the Alliance of Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago (AMAN) on 24 January 2016 in Central Indonesia to demand the inclusion of the Draft Law on Recognition and Protection of Indigenous People (PPMHA) in the national legislation priorities 2016.
The PPMHA will ensure the protection of indigenous peoples and will recognize their roles in forest protection. The Bill will bridge various laws and policies on indigenous peoples including those related to lands, territories, resources, institutional, social, political, and cultural. It will also address conflicts on claiming indigenous peoples’ rights.
AMAN has championed the PPMHA in 2011, and in 2013 it was formally proposed in the House. Following the failure of its passage in 2014, several efforts were done by CSOs to ensure its success by 2016. Despite of these and President Jokowi’s pledge to prioritize the Bill, PPMHA was not included in the list of priority bills during the Plenary Session on 26 January 2016, failing around 70 million indigenous peoples hoping for its passage.
AMAN Secretary General Abdon Nababan, together with other CSOs and indigenous peoples, vowed to continue the fight for the PPMHA. “We will continue to work through the various channels available,” he says.
We are posting this news shared by Bina Desa.
More than 3,000 peasants, agrarian reform advocates, students, and CSOs amassed on 21 September 2015 to demand the government to strengthen agrarian reform and food sovereignty, resolve agrarian conflicts, and establish a special body implementing the national action on agrarian reform.
Organized by Bina Desa, Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA), Network for Participatory Mapping (JKPP), and 23 other NGOs, the advocates marched from Istiqlal Mosque to the Presidential Palace in Central Jakarta.
Moreover, aiming to formulate strategies on implementing agrarian reform, Bina Desa co-organized the Commemoration of the National Peasant’s Day in Cihanjuang Village in Banten, Indonesia on 27-28 September, where more than 4,000 participated in the event.
With these activities, advocates and CSOs ensured the commitment of the government to implement agrarian reform, and of the Agrarian Minister’s cooperation of bringing the people’s demands to the President.
We are sharing this news posted in Jakarta Post last 24 May.
Jopi Peranginangin, an environmental activist from Sawit Watch, was stabbed to death at a venue bar and lounge in Kemang, South Jakarta on 23 May.
A group of men attacked Jopi in a parking lot after mediating a fight against his friend. Jopi then was found stabbed. He was rushed to the hospital and pronounced dead at 6am.
Jopi was a campaigner and project head of an oil palm plantation licensing research of Sawit Watch. Sawit Watch Executive Director Jefri Gideo Saragih says, during an interview, that Jopi just finished a research on massive oil plantation expansions that allegedly involved corruption and improper licensing procedures.
However, the relation of the incident to Jopi’s activism remains unclear, says Jefri. Moreover, according the South Jakarta Police Chief Senior Commander Wahyu Hadiningrat, the police do not know the motive of the murder yet.
Nevertheless, based from a more recent post, the case adds to the list of violent crimes against activists and human rights defenders in Indonesia.
Jopi was also one of the leaders of Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN), an independent organization working on the welfare and rights of indigenous communities. Together with AMAN, LWA encourages the signing of an online petition for solidarity and for demanding justice for Jopi.
We are sharing this update submitted by Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria (KPA).
Since the inauguration of Indonesia’s President, Joko Widodo on 20 October 2014, KPA has been endorsing the agrarian reform and agrarian conflict resolution to be part of the main agenda of the new administration.
A week after the inauguration, new ministries were formed hoped to accelerate the agrarian reform program and agrarian conflict resolution in Indonesia:
- Ministry of agrarian and spatial planning (merge of National Land Agency and Directorate General of Spatial Planning in Ministry of Public Working);
- Ministry of Environment and Forestry (merge of Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Forest); and
- Ministry of Village Development, Accelerating of Development in Underdeveloped Region and Transmigration (merge of Ministry of Accelerating of Development in Underdeveloped Regions, Directorate General of Empowering Rural Communities in Ministry of Home Affairs, Directorate General of Transmigration in Ministry of Labor )
In 2014, KPA has recorded 472 agrarian conflicts in Indonesia covering 2,860,977.07 hectares and 105,887 household victims. Thus, KPA promotes the creation of the National Committee of Agrarian Conflicts Resolutions body aiming to resolve agrarian conflicts. This body shall be composing of experts and CSOs concerned with the issue.
On this note, KPA, together with other NGOs, had a dialogue with the Minister Secretary of Cabinet, Mr. Andi Widjoyanto on 2 February discussing the importance of the proposed special body.