Category Archives: agrarian conflicts
Star Kampuchea (SK), Analyzing Development Issues Centre (ADIC), and Cambodian Women Media Center (WMC), with support of Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG), conducted a workshop on Collective Learning on Land Conflict Resolution in Cambodia on 26-27 May in Phnom Penh.
More than 100 participants from CSOs, private, and policy sectors joined in the discussion and knowledge exchange focusing on:
- Causes of Land Conflicts in Cambodia
- Land Conflict Resolution Mechanism
- Land governance World Café: What is for you the main concern on land governance? What is the priority to improve land governance?
- Storytelling on Land Conflict Resolutions
- Law Enforcement Related to Land Management in Cambodia
- Land Conflict Prevention
Bantheay Meanchey Province Deputy Governor H.E. Ly Sary encouraged for more future conduct of this kind of event with more participations of provincial governors to discuss ways to improve land governance in Cambodia.
We are posting this story shared by Kaunlaran ng Kanayunan at Repormang Pansakahan (KAISAHAN).
After 20 years of land acquisition struggles, 23 farmer beneficiaries in Barangays Sumanga and Valenciana in Ormoc City, Leyte have been successfully installed to the lands they have long been awarded with certificates of land ownership (CLOA).
The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) led the installation on 20 and 21 June 2016 in the two villages together with some 300 officials and representatives from the Philippine National Police (PNP), Commission on Human Rights (CHR), and other advocacy groups including KAISAHAN.
This long-time story of unsecured land tenure of farmers roots to landowners’ resistance to the redistribution. Whenever installation is attempted, farmers receive threats and intimidation from the previous landowners, Larrazabal, resulting to repeated failures of the process. The last time was on 9 February 2016.
Even up to the day of this event, previous landowners have been continuously resisting. KAISAHAN Executive Director Anthony Marzan and legal officer Atty. Claire Demaisip reiterated to the opposing party that only a temporary restraining order from the Supreme Court can postpone the instalment.
To secure the post-installation situation, KAISAHAN has insisted of putting up a PNP detachment until the peace and order in the area is assured. Farmer groups and federations in the areas have also assured that they will provide support services to the new farmer-landowners to ensure sustainable use of their lands.
We are posting this news shared by Solidarity Towards Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (KAISAHAN).
The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) Office of Leyte announced postponement of land installations in Barangays Valencia and Sumanga in Ormoc, Leyte on 9 February 2016 affecting around 30 agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs).
DAR recalled its own writ of installation allegedly due to a filed case of cancellation of Certificate of Land Ownership and Acquisition (CLOA) over the land by other farmers. Provincial Agrarian Reform Program Officer (PARPO) II Renato Badilla sent orders stating that previous landowners, Tan Landholdings and the Potenciano & Anecita Larrazabal Enterprises Corporation (PALEC) opposed the installations in the 30 and 35 hectares of land in the two barangays due to the alleged erroneous coverage of the subject landholdings.
Together with the farmers, KAISAHAN expressed their frustration to the non-installment. Atty. Claire Demaisip of KAISAHAN pointed out that “EXCEPT FOR THE SUPREME COURT, no court in the Philippines shall have jurisdiction to issue any restraining order or writ of preliminary injunction against the PARC [Presidential Agrarian Reform Council], the DAR, or any of its duly authorized or designated agencies in any case, dispute or controversy arising from, necessary to, or in connection with the application, implementation, enforcement, or interpretation of (the AR laws).” “It is clearly stated that only a TRO [temporary restraining order] from the Supreme Court can stop this installation,” adds Atty. Rolly Poero, also from KAISAHAN.
In a meeting following the release of the Orders, the farmer beneficiaries wielded their CLOAs before DAR and Municipal Agrarian Reform Officer (MARO) representatives with Leyte Sheriff Joseph Catingub and demanded the immediate resolution of this case and their installation. However their response was that as much as they wanted to install the farmers, they are not in the position to resolve the issue. They can only write their appeals to the PARO’s Orders.
The said farmer beneficiaries from Valencia and Sumanga have already had several attempts for installation since they received their CLOAs way back in 1996. However, all these attempts failed due to resistance of the previous landowners.
With the Philippines now experiencing the El Niño phenomenon or the dry season, farmlands suffer from drought resulting to low to zero agricultural production.
This scenario has been occurring in five provinces affected by dry spell and in 18 provinces (mostly in the Mindanao Region) experiencing dry conditions since February 2016 – the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Center (NDRRMC) confirms.
The National Government has been aware of the calamity. As early as December 2015, President Aquino III approved a Php19-Billion budget to combat the effects of El Niño which may last until May 2016. North Cotabato in Mindanao was already identified as one of the nine provinces experiencing dry spell as early as December. The farmers in Kidapawan, North Cotabato have not yet been receiving any.
On 30 March 2016, around 3,000 protesters started to block the Davao-Cotabato Highway to demand for government assistance (including calamity funds and food relief) in the wake of the adverse effects of the already 3-month long severe drought in the area.
After four days of peaceful protest in front of the provincial office of the National Food Authority, the police forces started an open fire to the unarmed farmers leaving three shot dead and more than 40 wounded.
Until now, the government assistance has not been distributed to the farmers.
ANGOC, together with the many CSOs having concern on this issue, supports the statement on expressing utmost condemnation on the killing of unarmed farmers.
We are sharing this news posted by The Jakarta post on 6 January, 2016.
Iwan Nurdin of the Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA) revealed that 2015 marked the first time companies accounted for the largest number of cases of violence resulting from agrarian conflicts as shown in their year-end report. There were 35 cases attributed to the companies from the 252 recorded agrarian conflicts covering more than 400,000 hectares of land in 2015.
In the past years, Indonesian Military (TNI) and National Police were the main perpetrators of agrarian-related violence. The National Commission on Human Rights confirmed the trend. This was due to hiring of armed civilian groups, Pam Swakarsa (formed by TNI in 1998), by these private firms to suppress people’s demands and resistance.
We are posting this news shared by Bina Desa.
More than 3,000 peasants, agrarian reform advocates, students, and CSOs amassed on 21 September 2015 to demand the government to strengthen agrarian reform and food sovereignty, resolve agrarian conflicts, and establish a special body implementing the national action on agrarian reform.
Organized by Bina Desa, Consortium for Agrarian Reform (KPA), Network for Participatory Mapping (JKPP), and 23 other NGOs, the advocates marched from Istiqlal Mosque to the Presidential Palace in Central Jakarta.
Moreover, aiming to formulate strategies on implementing agrarian reform, Bina Desa co-organized the Commemoration of the National Peasant’s Day in Cihanjuang Village in Banten, Indonesia on 27-28 September, where more than 4,000 participated in the event.
With these activities, advocates and CSOs ensured the commitment of the government to implement agrarian reform, and of the Agrarian Minister’s cooperation of bringing the people’s demands to the President.